Penetration testing can be categorized into several types, including:
• Network Penetration Testing: Evaluating the security of network infrastructure, such as firewalls, routers, and switches.
• Web Application Penetration Testing: Assessing the security of web applications, including identifying vulnerabilities like SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS).
• Wireless Network Penetration Testing: Analyzing the security of wireless networks, such as Wi-Fi, and ensuring secure configurations.
• Social Engineering: Testing the effectiveness of an organization’s security awareness by simulating social engineering attacks, such as phishing.
The penetration testing process typically involves the following phases:
• Planning: Defining the scope, objectives, and rules of engagement for the penetration test.
• Reconnaissance: Gathering information about the target system or network to identify potential entry points.
• Vulnerability Scanning: Using automated tools to discover vulnerabilities and misconfigurations.
• Exploitation: Actively attempting to exploit identified vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access.
• Post-Exploitation: Assessing the extent of control gained and the potential impact of the identified vulnerabilities.
• Reporting: Documenting findings, including vulnerabilities discovered, risks, and recommendations for remediation.