Clearly define the scope and objectives of the assessment, considering the organization’s size, industry, and specific risks it faces.
Identify critical assets and systems, including hardware, software, data, and networks, that need protection and resilience.
Threat analysis: Assess the potential threats and risks that the organization may encounter, such as malware, phishing attacks, data breaches, or insider threats. Consider both external and internal threats.
Identify and evaluate vulnerabilities in the organization’s systems and infrastructure. This can involve conducting penetration tests, vulnerability scans, or security audits.
Incident response evaluation:
Evaluate the effectiveness of the organization’s incident response capabilities, including its ability to detect, contain, mitigate, and recover from cyber incidents. This may involve reviewing incident response plans, testing incident response procedures, and assessing the training of relevant personnel.
Business continuity and disaster recovery:
Assess the organization’s plans and procedures for business continuity and disaster recovery in the event of a cyber incident. Evaluate the adequacy of backup systems, recovery time objectives (RTOs), and recovery point objectives (RPOs).
Security awareness and training:
Evaluate the organization’s security awareness programs and training initiatives to ensure that employees are knowledgeable about cybersecurity risks and best practices. Assess the effectiveness of ongoing training and awareness efforts.
Determine if the organization complies with Australian Government laws, regulations, and standards.
Identify and assess risks to the organization’s cyber resilience and develop a risk management strategy. This may involve prioritizing risks, implementing risk mitigation measures, and monitoring risk exposure over time.
Documentation and reporting:
Document the assessment findings, recommendations, and action plans. Provide a comprehensive report that highlights the strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement in the organization’s cyber resilience.
It's important to note that a cyber resilience assessment should be conducted regularly, as cybersecurity threats and technologies are continually evolving. Organizations should also consider engaging external cybersecurity experts or consultants with expertise in conducting such assessments to ensure a thorough and unbiased evaluation.